Climate in Namibia
In Namibia there is a subtropical-continental desert climate with high midday temperatures and low rainfall. However, there are climatic differences between the individual regions.
The lowest rainfall can be expected in the Namib on the west coast, with a consistently warm wind that ensures daytime temperatures of up to 25 ° C even in winter. However, at this time of year the temperature differences between day and night can be up to 20 ° C. Due to the low air condensation in the atmosphere over the Namib, this region offers unique opportunities for astronomical observations, which are offered in several astro camps.
Directly on the Atlantic coast, the warm air flow from the Namib is cooled by the Benguela Current, which despite the lack of precipitation ensures a persistent coastal fog with significantly reduced air temperatures.
The central highlands of Namibia are blessed with an irregularly falling summer rain, which can be quite heavy at times.
The most abundant rainfall falls in the northeast of Namibia in the border area to Zambia and Zimbabwe, which has resulted in extensive river systems with subtropical savanna forest and periodically dry lake landscapes.
Geography in Namibia
According to pharmacylib, Namibia is located on the west coast of South Africa and borders in the north with Angola, in the north-west with Zambia and Zimbabwe, in the east with Botswana and in the south with the state of South Africa. The Orange River forms the border river to South Africa while in the north the Kunene and Okavango (Cubango) rivers delimit the country from Angola.
Namibia is geographically divided into a relatively narrow coastal strip on the Atlantic Ocean and the rising highlands behind it, which take up most of the country’s 824,000 km² and plateau heights of up to 200 m above sea level. Reached NN (Mount Etjo). The highest mountain in Namibia, the Königstein (2573 m above sea level) is located in the area of the western edge of the Brandberg massif. The landscape of Namibia is essentially characterized by two deserts, in the west by the Namib, which extends from the South African province of North Cape to far into Angola, and in the east by the Kalahari. A dry savannah has formed in the mountainous region between the desert areas. Due to the low and only periodically falling rainfall, there are no permanent water-bearing rivers in Namibia itself.
Flora and fauna in Namibia
The fauna of Namibia shows, among other things, the entire spectrum of South African mammals. In the Etosha National Park in particular, many of the larger South African mammals such as lions, elephants, zebras, giraffes and springboks can still be found in large herds.
Warthogs, spotted hyenas, antelopes, African buffalos, hippos and cheetahs are just as much a part of Namibia’s fauna as desert monitors, crocodiles and a whole range of poisonous snakes such as desert otters, African tree snakes or the black mamba. The South African python and a number of other species of adder are less dangerous.
Among the large birds, there are flamingos, vultures, guinea fowl, cranes, herons and the ostrich that are native to Namibia.
Among the insects, termites in particular can be recognized by their impressive hilltop structures.
One of the largest seal sanctuaries in Africa is located at Cape Cross on the Skeleton Coast.
Due to regional climatic differences within the country, a multitude of different plant species thrive in Namibia, from desert and semi-desert vegetation to subtropical flora. Most of Namibia, however, consists of savannah with grass and steppe landscapes, in which wildflowers can bloom for a short time in spite of the dry conditions when it rains. Typical for Namibia are the camel thorn tree and the quiver tree, which in the south of Namibia, northeast of Keetmanshoop, even forms an entire forest. The Welwitschia plants, which also occur in Namibai, can reach an enormous age of over 1000 years.
The Kavango and Zambezi regions are rich in aquatic plants and deciduous vegetation along the waterways and river banks.
Holidays with a fixed date in Namibia
Jan 1st New Years
March 21st Independence Day
May 1st. Labor Day
May 4th Cassinga Day
May 25th Africa Day
Aug 26th Heroes Day
Dec 10th International Human Rights Day
Dec 25th Christmas
Dec 26th Good Will Day