China. The August 8-24 Olympics became a thunderous
success for China, despite a wave of protests against Chinese
violence in Tibet. Towards the end of the year, however,
was hit by two troublesome problems: the melamine scandal
and the global financial crisis.
The international protests against
intervention in Tibet in March, contrary to intentions, led
to stronger support among the Chinese for their regime. The
Chinese reacted, among other things, to activists in Paris
on April 8 trying to snatch the Olympic torch from
wheelchair bound Chinese fighter Jin Jing.
Countryaah reports, Chinese competitors won the most gold medals in the
Olympics - 51. In total, however, China came second in the
medal league with 100 medals after the United States, which
conquered 110. When the implementation of the Olympics and
subsequent Paralympics according to judges succeeded very
well happened the repression of the communist regime in
shadow. Concerns over alleged terrorist threats from Uighurs
during the Olympics also contributed to dampening
international solidarity with the separatists in western
China announced that protests were allowed during the
Beijing Olympics - but only in three parks and after police
permit. However, occasional unauthorized demonstrations were
held for Tibet. Some Westerners were arrested and expelled.
China was criticized for restricting freedom of opinion
on the Internet, which nevertheless became increasingly
popular. In July, China had more Internet users than the
country's leading country to date: US $ 253 million, a 50
percent increase over one year. However, only 19 percent of
China's 1.3 billion residents still surf the net.
The Olympic inauguration with fireworks and colorful mass
displays attracted admiration. Particularly poignant was
when China's fan carrier, the more than two meters long
basketball player Yao Ming, was accompanied on the newly
built Bird's Nest arena by little Lin Hao, age 9, who helped
comrades in a ravaged school after the earthquake in
southwest China in May.
However, members of the Politburo, China's party summit,
stopped 7-year-old Yang Peiyi. She was not allowed to appear
with the motivation that she was not sweet enough. She got
to sing, but another girl, Lin Miaoke, mimed in front of the
Bird's Nest's 90,000 spectators. The revelation of the music
director aroused wonder both outside and within the country.
China noted a political triumph when both US President
George W. Bush and France's Nicolas Sarkozy came to the
inauguration, the latter despite voicing criticism of China's
actions in Tibet.
During the riots in Lhasa in March, 80 people were killed
according to Tibet activists. China put the number to 10 and
claimed that hooligans were behind and that they killed
innocent shop owners. Exile the Dalai lama described China's
actions as "terrorism" and "cultural genocide". Towards the
end of the year, after a conversation with China's leader, he
expressed great pessimism about earning greater
China also celebrated a triumph in space: three
taikonauts landed on September 29 after three days in orbit.
One of them, Zhai Zhigang, did a space walk outside the
Shenzhou 7. China plans to build a space station of two Shenzhou modules. It was the third time the Chinese have
taken to space since 2003.
The earthquake May 12 with a magnitude of 7.9 was the
worst disaster that hit the country during the year. About
70,000 people were killed in Sichuan and its environs.
Mountains collapsed and many schools collapsed. Desperate
parents were prevented from protesting against poor building
safety. Both President Hu Jintao and Prime Minister Wen
Jiabao quickly visited the quake area. After all, the
authorities received praise for effective disaster relief.
The world-famous Wolong Giant Pandan Center in Sichuan
was feared to have been demolished first. But 63 of 64
pandas managed. Only 9-year-old Mao Mao was smashed by a
wall. She was buried under the caretaker's tears.
The melamine scandal in the autumn damaged China's reputation
as an exporter. 296,000 Chinese infants became ill and six
died of kidney ailments caused by milk with the addition of
melamine, which the producers against all the rules added to
get high protein listing on control. At least 22 dairies
were found to have mediated in their products. The
authorities promised power. US and others stopped imports of
Chinese dairy products.
Towards the end of the year, China, the world's fourth
largest economy, was also haunted by the major financial
crisis. The export increase slowed due to lower orders. This
led to a shift in economic policy. On March 5, Prime
Minister Wen declared at the National Congress that
combating inflation was important. Due to rising food
prices, it was 7.1 percent in January. By autumn it had
dropped to about 4 percent. Due to this and the export
weakness, the target was abandoned, four interest rate cuts
were made in quick succession and a colossal stimulus
package of $ 586 billion was presented. The money will go to
community projects - roads in the countryside, housing for
the poor - and to stimulate consumption.
GDP growth in 2007 reached 11.4 per cent. In 2008, it was
provisionally estimated at about 9 percent. Export growth
slowed - ※onlyž a 19.1 percent increase in October compared
to 26.9 percent in July - likely as a result of the
It was a year when promises of investments in the poor
began to be fulfilled. Among other things, the Chinese will
get general health insurance by 2020, Health Minister Chen
Zhu announced in January. Since the planning economy was
liberalized during Deng Xiaoping in the 1980s, healthcare
has become very expensive.
A strong reason for investing in communications was the
chaos that erupted during China's new year on February 7. The
year of the rat began with the worst snow storms in half a
century. People were stuck on snowy roads for 24 hours, and
millions of people were waiting for transport at railway
stations and airports. Since the New Year for many migrant
workers is the only leave, people are extremely anxious to
go home to meet their relatives.