According to Youremailverifier, Munich is one of the most dynamic and interesting cities in Germany. Here everyone will find something to their liking – from visiting interesting museums to having a good time in beer restaurants. The atmosphere in the city is amazing – international, but at the same time not without provincial charm.
The first settlements in the area of Munich appeared in Roman times. In the 8th century, Benedictine monks were given the right to establish their settlement here, which was called Munichen – “the city of monks”. In 1158, Duke Henry the Lion ordered the construction of a wooden bridge here, thanks to which trade in these places came under his control. The village turned into a fortress, a fortress – into a city, and in 1180 it was even temporarily proclaimed the capital of the German Reich. In 1503 Munich became the capital of the Bavarian Duchy. In the 19th century, the University was built in the city and a railway was built, which contributed to its unprecedented rise. The turn of the 19th – 20th centuries was the “Golden Age” for Munich. It became a major cultural and scientific city, the center of avant-gardism and the cradle of German Art Nouveau. In 1972, the Olympic Games were held in Munich, in connection with which the city underwent an extensive reconstruction program.
In Munich many attractions. In the old town, three of the seven city gates have survived: Karls (Karls), Sendlinger (Sendlinger) and Isar (Isar), built in the XIV century. Other monuments of the Middle Ages include the Frauenkirche church and the Old Town Hall (15th century). The two massive towers of the Frauenkirche have become a symbol of the city.
The oldest church is the Church of St. Peter (Peterskirche), XII century. Its 91 m high observation deck offers a magnificent view of Munich.
Most of the buildings in the old town are built in the Baroque and Rococo styles. Among them are the Theatinekirche churches of the 17th century and the Marianist church (18th century). The most magnificent buildings in the Rococo style are the National Theater of Bavaria and the Nymphenburg Palace (Nymphenburg). Nymphenburg was the summer residence of the Bavarian kings. King Ludwig II of Bavaria was born in this castle. The interior of the palace, striking in its beauty, the gallery of Ludwig II, a spacious park with canals, lakes and small garden palaces hidden in the depths – all this makes the palace one of the most visited places in Germany.
Center of Munich is the Marienplatz square, not far from which is the “Fish Fountain” (Fischbrunnen) – a favorite meeting place. The square owes its name to the Mary Column, which was erected in the center of the square by Humbert Gerhard in 1638 in honor of the patron saint of Bavaria. The four winged figurines, which were originally created for the fountain, depict the victims of plague, war, famine and heresy.
On Marienplatz is the New Town Hall built by order of Ludwig I. The central part of this Neo-Gothic building is formed by an 85-meter tower with the favorite Munich bell ringing. The facade of the New Town Hall, about 100 meters long, is decorated with figures and ornaments of Bavarian dukes, princes, kings, legendary characters and saints. The inner courtyards are arranged according to the example of the courtyards of Gothic castles and have a spiral tower staircase and stepped staircases with spacious platforms.
Nearby is the Old Town Hall, in the building of which today there is a toy museum. Another symbol of Munich is the huge palace of the Wittelsbach dynasty “Munich Residence” (Residenz). The Swedish king Carl Gustav was so fascinated by him that he wanted to ship him entirely to his homeland. Currently, the palace houses the Museum, the State Collection of Egyptian Art, the Royal Treasury, the Cuvelier Theater, and the Hercules Concert Hall. The museums of Munich deserve special attention.. The most famous among them are the Munich Glyptothek, which houses one of the finest collections of Greek and Romanesque sculptures; Alte Pinakothek, which contains 800 masterpieces by European artists from the Middle Ages to the end of the Rococo period; the Neue Pinakothek, containing 550 paintings and 50 sculptures from the period between Rococo and Art Nouveau; The German Museum, one of the most interesting and beloved natural science and technical museums in the world, where on an area of 50,000 sq. m constantly work more than 50 exhibitions dedicated to various fields of science; City Gallery in the Lenbach House (Lenbachhaus) with his collection of works by Kandinsky. Collectors will enjoy visiting the Center for Extraordinary Collections (collections of padlocks, corkscrews, chamber pots, pedal machines, Easter bunnies, perfume bottles, etc.).
After visiting the many sights, you can relax in the English Garden, the first public park, which is now one of the largest and most beautiful in the world, or stroll along the shopping streets.
In the north of Munich, there is the Olympic Park, the huge Olympic Stadium and the 290-meter-high Olympic Tower, which offers a beautiful view of the city.
Once a year Munich for three weeks it becomes the world capital of intoxicating fun – in late September and early October, a beer festival, Oktoberfest, takes place here. For the first time this holiday was celebrated in 1810 in connection with the wedding of Prince Ludwig and Princess Teresa. Over time, an agricultural exhibition also began to be held on this day, where visitors could quench their thirst with beer sold in stalls. Every year there were more and more trays, and in 1896 the first pavilion was built. Today, Oktoberfest is one of the largest festivals in the world, with about 6 million visitors every year.
Close to Munich there are the amazingly beautiful lakes Starnberg and Königssee, the medieval castles of Neuschwanstein and Blutenburg, the open-air museum – the village of Glentleiten, where you can get acquainted with the way of life in the Alps.