Trafford is a small borough located in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States. Situated approximately 15 miles east of downtown Pittsburgh, Trafford is part of the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area. With a population of around 3,000 residents, this close-knit community covers an area of 0.7 square miles.
Trafford lies within the Appalachian Plateau region, characterized by rolling hills and fertile valleys. The borough sits at an elevation of 1,030 feet above sea level, offering picturesque views of the surrounding landscape. The area is known for its diverse topography, which includes steep slopes, gentle hills, and occasional flatlands.
The borough is traversed by several streams, the most notable being Turtle Creek, which flows through the southern portion of Trafford. This waterway not only adds to the natural beauty of the area but also provides recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike.
Trafford experiences a humid continental climate, with warm summers and cold winters. Average high temperatures in the summer months range from the mid-70s to low 80s Fahrenheit, while winter temperatures typically hover around freezing or slightly below. The area receives an average annual precipitation of around 38 inches, evenly distributed throughout the year.
The geography of Trafford is predominantly rural, with a mix of residential, commercial, and industrial areas. The borough is characterized by tree-lined streets, well-maintained parks, and open green spaces, which contribute to its small-town charm.
The community is served by several major roadways, including US Route 130, which runs through the heart of Trafford, connecting it to neighboring towns and the greater Pittsburgh area. This convenient access to transportation routes makes Trafford an attractive place to live for commuters.
Despite its relatively small size, Trafford is home to a variety of amenities. The borough boasts several parks and recreational facilities, providing opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, picnicking, and sports. Trafford Memorial Park, located in the center of town, offers a playground, ball fields, and a swimming pool for residents to enjoy.
Surrounding Trafford are vast expanses of farmland, adding to the rural character of the area. These agricultural lands not only contribute to the visual appeal of the borough but also play a significant role in the local economy.
In conclusion, Trafford, Pennsylvania, is a charming borough nestled in the scenic Appalachian Plateau region. Its diverse topography, picturesque views, and rural landscape make it an attractive place to live. With its small-town atmosphere, convenient access to major roadways, and a range of amenities, Trafford offers residents a comfortable and fulfilling lifestyle.
History, Economy and Politics of Trafford, Pennsylvania
Trafford, Pennsylvania is a small borough located in Westmoreland County, in the western part of the state. Established in 1904, Trafford has a rich history that is intertwined with the growth of the steel industry in the region. Over the years, the borough has experienced economic ups and downs, shaped by the rise and decline of the steel industry, as well as changes in political dynamics.
The history of Trafford can be traced back to the late 19th century when the area was predominantly rural. The construction of the Pennsylvania Railroad brought about significant changes, attracting industries and leading to the establishment of Trafford as a company town. In 1904, the Trafford City Corporation was formed, and the borough was officially incorporated. The town was named after Trafford Park in Manchester, England, a major industrial center at the time.
During the early 20th century, Trafford experienced rapid growth due to the steel industry. The population swelled as immigrants, primarily from Eastern and Southern Europe, flocked to the area in search of employment opportunities. The bustling steel mills, such as the National Tube Works, provided jobs and brought prosperity to the community.
However, the Great Depression of the 1930s had a profound impact on Trafford’s economy. The steel industry suffered a severe downturn, leading to factory closures and layoffs. The town struggled to recover from the economic setback and faced a period of decline.
In the post-World War II era, Trafford witnessed a resurgence in its economy. The steel industry experienced a revival, and the borough thrived once again. The population grew, and businesses flourished. Trafford became known for its strong work ethic and blue-collar community spirit.
However, the 1970s brought new challenges to Trafford. The decline of the steel industry in the United States led to the closure of many mills, including those in Trafford. This resulted in a significant loss of jobs and a decline in the borough’s economic stability. Trafford, like many other steel towns, had to adapt to the changing economic landscape.
Today, Trafford has transitioned into a more diversified economy. While the steel industry no longer dominates, the borough is home to a range of businesses, including manufacturing, healthcare, and retail. The community has also embraced tourism, capitalizing on its historical significance and proximity to attractions such as the Westmoreland Museum of American Art and the Bushy Run Battlefield.
In terms of politics, Trafford operates under a borough council form of government. The council consists of elected officials who make decisions on behalf of the community. Over the years, political dynamics in Trafford have reflected broader shifts in the region, with a mix of Democratic and Republican representation.
In conclusion, Trafford, Pennsylvania has a rich history shaped by the rise and decline of the steel industry. The borough has experienced economic ups and downs, adapting to changing circumstances. Today, Trafford is a diverse community with a range of industries and a growing tourism sector. Its political landscape reflects the broader dynamics of the region.