Montenegro. Prime Minister Željko Šturanović resigned at the end of January, for health reasons. President Filip Vujanović, as the new head of government, nominated the influential socialist leader Milo Đukanović, who was president or prime minister in 1991-2006. Parliament approved the appointment last February. The government in general remained largely intact.
In April, the first presidential election was held since Montenegro became independent from Serbia two years earlier. Vujanović was re-elected for a second five-year term. He received 52 percent of the vote, while three opposing candidates got between 10 and 20 percent each.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Click to see the meanings of 2-letter acronym and abbreviation of MW in general and in geography as Montenegro in particular.
When Montenegro acknowledged Kosovo as an independent state in October, violent protests were triggered and several were injured in clashes with Podgorica police. Many Montenegrins identify themselves as Serbs and oppose Kosovo’s independence from Serbia. In Belgrade, the government responded by expelling Montenegro’s ambassador. Macedonia, another former Yugoslav republic, simultaneously recognized Kosovo, while Slovenia and Croatia had already done so.
In December, Montenegro submitted an official application for EU membership.
According to Countryaah reports, the population of Montenegro in 2008 was 624,164, ranking number 166 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.260% yearly, and the population density was 46.4145 people per km2.