Burundi. Another year passed without the stability wanting to appear, which everyone hoped for when a power-sharing agreement between the hutu and tutsi ethnic groups came into force in 2005. At the beginning of the year, representatives of the previously dominant hutu party FRODEBU were subjected to several bloody attacks.
In April, the former chairman of the CNDD-FDD government party, Hussein Radjabu, was sentenced to 13 years in prison for overthrowing activities. The verdict was the result of a fierce power struggle within the party, which was previously a Hutu extremist militia.
The last remaining hutumilis, the National Liberation Forces (FNL), again breached the ceasefire agreement it signed with the government in 2006 and for a few weeks in April and May the capital Bujumbura suffered grenade fire. The army went into counter-attack and hundreds of people were killed, according to the army at least half of them militiamen.
Following the UN mediation, FNL signed a new ceasefire agreement at the end of May and the movement’s leader Agathon Rwasa returned from long-standing refugee flight in Tanzania. Soon, however, reports emerged that the FNL continued to recruit new soldiers and at the end of October, the mediator, South Africa’s Defense Minister Charles Nqakula, said he gave up the attempts to reach a political settlement between the FNL and the government. The main stumbling block was said to be that the FNL wanted to register as a party under the name Palipehutu, an abbreviation for the Hutu people’s liberation party. Burundi’s constitution does not allow parties that explicitly represent only one people group.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Click to see the meanings of 2-letter acronym and abbreviation of BI in general and in geography as Burundi in particular.
The climate is tropical and humid with two rainy seasons (spring and autumn). The temperatures are tempered by the altitude.
According to Countryaah reports, the population of Burundi in 2008 was 8,675,491, ranking number 93 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.330% yearly, and the population density was 337.8350 people per km2.