Paraguay. In a historic victory, former Catholic Bishop
Fernando Lugo won the presidential election in Paraguay on
April 20, setting the point for the Colorado Party's
61-year-long power, taking office August 15. Lugo won with
41 percent of the cast, against 31 percent for the Colorado
Party candidate Blanca Ovelar and 22 percent for former
General Lino Oviedo, who was running for a Colorado outbreak
party. The electoral victory and the surrender of power were
positive in a country like Paraguay, where the Colorado
power's long power holdings, political violence, military
coup attempts and Latin America's most widespread corruption
made the trust in the democratic process not very strong.
Although Lugo is considered the latest addition to the line
of left-wing presidents in Latin America, his ideological
profile was rather difficult to determine.
Countryaah reports, Lugo also quickly faced political problems. The first was
the outgoing Colorado president Nicanor Duarte Frutos, who
won a seat in the Senate. It is admittedly permissible for
former presidents, but his political opponents believed that
Fruto's maneuver was aimed at gaining legal immunity against
the allegations of corruption that, as expected, hailed him.
As a direct response to the political crisis that seemed to
be approaching, Lugo declared on September 1 that the rumors
of an imminent military coup had been reached, rumors that
in Paraguay should always be taken seriously. Part of the
background was also that Lugo replaced 33 of the country's
top military commanders immediately after taking office.
In November, a grassroots movement conducted a three-day
protest in Asuncion against how slow Lugo's promised land
reform was going. Land issues have long been high on the
agenda, and during the year countless land occupations and
protests from landless peasants occurred.
In connection with the presentation of the Paraguayan
Truth Commission's final report on August 28, President
Lugo, in an emotionally charged speech, asked all those
affected by human rights violations under the dictator
Alfredo Stroessner's regime in the state's name of apology.
Stroessner, of the Colorado Party, ruled Paraguay in