Nicaragua. According to
Countryaah reports, the FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación
Nacional) party won big in the municipal elections on
November 9. The party won in 91 out of 146 municipalities,
including the capital Managua where 30 percent of the
electorate lives, while the largest opposition party PLC
(Partido Liberal Constitucionalista) won in 50
municipalities. However, a shadow fell over the elections in
the form of fierce accusations of cheating and
irregularities, and a turnout of just 55 percent. In
addition, President Daniel Ortega refused to approve
international election overseers from the US-based OAS,
which he accused himself of being corrupt.
During one week in July, two major events were held in
Managua. On July 19, 100,000 people celebrated the 29th
anniversary of the 1979 Sandini Revolution, when Daniel
Ortega played a lead role, overthrowing the dictator
Anastasio Somoza. Just a few days before, however, a protest
march against the government had gathered more than 30,000
people protesting against the economic policy of the sand
administration, most notably inflation, which was the
highest in Central America in June, at 23 percent on an
annual basis, and against its dubious handling of democracy
issues. Among other things, the FSLN has tried to illegally
declare two parties, one of which is a dissident party from
the FSLN, and postponed the regional elections in the
autonomous region of Atlántico Norte which the opposition
tipped to win.
The reassuring victory for the government in the November
municipal elections also fueled rumors that President Ortega
should try to move ahead with his plans for comprehensive
constitutional reform, including the introduction of
parliamentaryism, which the opposition considered a
disguised way for Ortega to completely dominate Nicaraguan
Abuja, capital of Nigeria. Abuja is located in central Nigeria and was
designated as the future capital of Lagos in 1976; 979,900 residents (2012). In
1982, the city was formally inaugurated after a hectic construction period. The
construction of Abuja was delayed, and only in December. In 1991, the
appointment as capital became official.
A newly built airport with ten terminals is thought to be the center of the
country's air traffic, and along with other major investments, it has
contributed to Abuja's large population growth. The city has thus taken great
strides towards conquering the square as the country's de facto capital from
Lagos, which, however, remains Nigeria's most important city.
Abuja was founded in 1828 as the residence city of the first emir of Abuja.
The city is located in a relatively sparsely populated agricultural area and in
an area where none of Nigeria's three major ethnic groups dominate.
Managua, capital of Nicaragua; 2.4 million in the metropolitan area (2010).
The city lies in a geologically very active area south of Lake Managua, and when
the small town was designated the capital in 1857, it was a political and
geographical compromise between the former capital León, the stronghold of the
Liberals, and the conservative city of Granada.
The city has been destroyed several times by earthquakes, among other things.
in 1972, when a series of shakes laid large parts of the city in ruins. It
turned out that several fault zones were just below the city center; this was
partially abandoned and some buildings are still in ruins. A new city center has
been built 10 km to the east. In order to limit the damage if possible. upcoming
earthquakes, several administrative functions have been moved to different
Large parts of the city, but especially the poor residential areas near Lake
Managua, were hit by floods in 1998 after Hurricane Mitch. In the old town lies
the ruin of the city's former cathedral, which was destroyed by the 1972
earthquake and the refurbished National Palace.
Nearby, a new presidential palace, foreign ministry and buildings for other
central administration functions have been erected. In the northern part of the
old center facing Lake Managua lies the modern Rubén Darío National Theater,
which, as one of the few buildings, survived the earthquake.
The majority of Nicaragua's industry is located in and around Managua. sugar
refineries, textile and cement factories. In addition to the political, economic
and administrative capital functions of the city, it is also a local center for
the surrounding agricultural area and commercial center for the entire country.
There is a rail link to the port city of Corinto on the Pacific Coast, and the
Panamerican Highway passes through the city.
Ca. 20% of the country's population lives in Managua and the migration is
large. After the many earthquakes, the city is poor in sights, but it has some
monuments that testify to the country's long-standing civil war.