Luxembourg. According to
Countryaah reports, Parliament adopted a law on euthanasia in
February, with the numbers 30 to 26. But Grand Duke Henri
opposed the law with reference to his Catholic faith. Thus,
a constitutional crisis arose because the signature of the
head of state was required for the law to come into force.
The result was that, in December, with the vote numbers
56–0, Parliament amended the constitution so that the head
of state no longer has to approve laws for them to apply.
Luxembourg went in with Belgium and the Netherlands with
money, totaling just over € 11 billion, to save the bank
Fortis, which was hit hard when the global financial crisis
blossomed in September. The bank was also divided into three
parts, but the Luxembourg and Belgian parts were soon taken
over by the French big bank BNP Parisbas.
In February 1989, Sajudis called for the
creation of a free and neutral Lithuania within a
demilitarized zone. The same month, the local communist
party's general secretary, along with Sajudis,
participated in the National Independence Day
celebration. In December, the country's top Soviet removed
the article in the constitution that gave the Communist
Party its leading role. It was the first such decision in a
republic within the Soviet Union.
In January 1990, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachov of
Vilnius declared a new law to establish relations between
the Republic and the Union, but as early as March, the
Lithuanian parliament declared the country immediately
independent. Following violent riots, which also included
clashes between Soviet and Lithuanian troops, in September
1991, the new Soviet Union recognized the independence of
the three Baltic States and was followed by the immediate
recognition of several other countries. September 17, 1991,
the country was admitted to the UN.
Following the failed coup in August 1991 against Mikhail
Gorbachov, Parliament declared the Communist Party, the
Democratic Labor Party and the Lithuanian Youth Communists
for illegal organizations. The following month, Lithuanian
President Vytautas Landsbergis in the UN requested the
withdrawal of Soviet troops from the country. Since the
beginning of the year, 50,000 soldiers had been stationed in
The country's new constitution was passed by a referendum
on October 25, 1992. That same year, gross domestic product
fell by 35% and inflation reached 1,150%.
On February 14, 1993, the former leader of the Communist
Party, Algirdas Brazauskas, was elected president by 60% of
the vote. In 1993-94 he continued the transition to market
In 1995, it was estimated that 80% of Lithuanians were
«poor», 15% belonged to «middle class» and 5% were «rich».
The rising social inequality was the reason why the
government parties lost the local elections that year.