Ethiopia. The Supreme Court sentenced former ex-dictator
Mengistu Haile Mariam to death in May. Thus, HD tore up the
life sentence that was announced in 2007 in a lower
instance. Another 18 lifetime sentenced employees at
Mengistu had their sentences converted to death sentences.
Two of them were reported to be living in the Italian
Embassy in Addis Ababa while the other 16 are imprisoned in
Countryaah reports, general elections, including both local and regional
assemblies and unoccupied seats in Parliament, resulted in a
grand victory for the ruling Ethiopian People's
Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). The party alliance
seized virtually all of the seats that in the violent
election in 2005 accrued to opposition parties but which
have remained vacant since the holders have been brought to
UN forces UNMEE ended its efforts to monitor the border
between Ethiopia and Eritrea because of the failure of both
countries to cooperate. The risk of new combat actions was
considered to increase seriously, but the situation remained
calm during the autumn.
Ethiopia's near-permanent supply crisis worsened again
during the year. Reports of severe malnutrition came mainly
from the southern regions and in October six million people
were reported to be in need of food assistance. The crisis
was not only caused by the recurring drought, but also by
the dramatically increased food prices on the world market.
During the period November 2015 to November 2016,
security forces killed at least 800 people. Alone during
demonstrations in Addis Ababa 6-7. August 2016, security
forces killed over 100 and imprisoned 1,000, who were
subsequently subjected to torture on a military base.
After the country was put into emergency in October 2016,
more than 20,000 were arrested according to the report.
Deutsche Welle. Acc. the opposition was the figure
rather 70,000. Many of them journalists and media people as
well as activists in human rights or other organizations.
The state of emergency initially applied for 6 months, but
has since been regularly extended.
Ethiopia also had soldiers in Somalia as part of the AU's
AMISOM mission. There were repeated reports of abuses by
Ethiopians. In July, Ethiopian soldiers killed 14 civilians
while hunting al-Shabab in Somalia's Bay region.
In July, too, there were border crossings between
Ethiopia and Eritrea that cost more than 100 soldiers.
The difference between Ethiopia and Eritrea is that
Ethiopia allies with the US and the EU, gets 4 billion. US $
in annual development assistance from the West and is not
criticized for the serious human rights situation in the
country, while Eritrea is an independent country subject to
UN and West sanctions. Since 2006, Ethiopia has prevented UN
special rapporteurs from entering the country to investigate